Une Investigation Sur La Crise Dans Un Pays De La Périphérie

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This research looks to study the crisis of the process of capital valorization initiated in Argentina in 1991 and violently concluded between 2001 and 2002. To that aim we begin with a presentation of the methodological framework that will allow as to account for the recent crisis of Argentina as a process tied to the general caracteristics of the dinamic reproduction of capitalism in a periferical country. That is, we develop the fundamentals for the logical and historical need for Argentinas crisis as contrary to its mere contingency. In second place, we present a critical discusión of the diferent frameworks that have been used before in the study of this crisis. We present the neoclassical explanation, the neokeynesian explanation, the regulationist explanation and the marxist explanation, analizing there strengths and weaknesses. Thirdly we advance in the (logical and historical) development of the tendency of capital acummulation in Argentina from 1991. We show that this process has its fundaments in the capital relation and that from it we can comprehend, in the concrete conditions of Argentinas experience, the process that lead to the need of the crisis: the tendency for the profit rate to fall. This tendency that ties the increase in labor productivity and the organic composition of capital (the displacement of living labor from the processes of production), leads the economy to the need for the desvalorization of all merchandises and with that to generalized crisis. Forthly, advance in the discussion of the main counter-tendency to the main tendency implicit in the successful process of capital accumulation that Argentina went through between 1991 and 1998: the tendency to the increase in the ratio of explotation. We discuss the relationship between capital acummulation, growing labor exploitation and the decomposition and recomposition of the main antagonist subject to capita: labor as a social form. Fifth, we develop the necessary passage to a more…

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